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August 14, 2022
Salesforce

What Is Integration In Salesforce

Introduction to Salesforce integration types, merits, and challenges.

I. Introduction

Integration is critical to the Salesforce platform, enabling seamless data exchange between multiple applications. The process aims to connect different technology systems to work in sync, unlocking enormous benefits for businesses, such as streamlined operations, improved productivity, and better decision-making.

Consider instances in your own technology stack where data is needed in one system but stored in another. You may simply handle all that data across numerous business processes that operate across multiple systems by merging them. Salesforce integration approaches and techniques include APIs, web services, connectors, middleware, and plug-ins. The vast array of syncing options allows you to connect Salesforce to various third-party systems, such as ERPs, CRMs, marketing automation tools, HR systems, and accounting software.

II. Types of Integration

Salesforce integration products sync SaaS & enterprise apps in the cloud and on-premises.

Cloud-based integration involves integrating Salesforce with other cloud-based applications such as Google G Suite, AWS, and Azure. The approach is highly favored because it is quick and easy to set up, provides real-time data transfer between systems, and offers increased agility and flexibility. It can be achieved using API-led connectivity, allowing for seamless data transfer between multiple cloud systems.

On-premise integration, on the other hand, involves the integration of Salesforce with on-site applications such as ERP systems, CRM systems, and databases. On-premise integration is more complex and usually requires middleware software such as MuleSoft or Boomi. It is ideal for organizations with sensitive data or strict regulatory compliance requirements, as it offers more control over data security than cloud-to-cloud integration.

A lot of business areas integrate their CRM with other systems at the process and data levels. These can be categorized into three primary forms of Salesforce integration.

  1. Data integration is essential when data needs to be synced from two or more systems. Real-time data will be shared by all incorporated extensions, ensuring that the information is up-to-date and accurate. Salesforce offers SOAP and REST API to facilitate the process. These APIs enable businesses to exchange data seamlessly between the platform and other applications, systems, and databases without writing extensive code.
  2. Business logic integration allows enterprises to create all-around business solutions that combine various backend systems and apps. All applications work together seamlessly, and processes are automated for better efficiency. This form of integration makes use of Apex Web Services for inbound and Apex Callouts for outbound connections. With Apex Web Services, businesses can expose their Salesforce data as Web services, which external applications can consume. Apex Callouts enable Salesforce to make HTTP requests to other apps, which can help streamline the integration process.
  3. UI integration provides a centralized UX for all users, aiming to enhance productivity and efficiency. It surfaces different applications in Salesforce, providing customers with a unified interface to interact with them. It also allows enterprises to create a single goal of segmenting into other apps, giving customers a seamless experience when interacting across multiple platforms.

Salesforce Integration Patterns

Although every integration scenario is different, developers still have to deal with a few standard requirements and, sometimes, difficulties. Each pattern provides the design and methodology for a certain instance, as opposed to specifying a particular implementation.

  • Remote Process Invocation invokes processes in external systems and vice versa. Salesforce offers several options to achieve this, such as SOAP, REST, and Bulk APIs.
  • Connector provides a standardized way for Salesforce to communicate with external systems such as ERPs or CRMs. Salesforce Connect, its native feature, offers pre-built connectors for popular data sources like SAP, Microsoft SharePoint, and OData.
  • Event-Driven involves the exchange of data and events between Salesforce and external systems when an event occurs. For instance, an external system can notify Salesforce whenever new data is available, or Salesforce can send a notice when a record is updated.
  • Data Synchronization keeps data synced across multiple systems, ensuring consistency and accuracy. Synchronization options include Salesforce-to-Salesforce and Lightning Platform Connect, which allow data to be shared between Salesforce orgs or other external systems.
  • UI Integration enables the seamless integration of external systems’ UIs into Salesforce. The Lightning App Builder and Lightning Components framework would allow businesses to embed external web apps and functionalities directly into Salesforce.

What are the Integration Tools in Salesforce

The mechanisms for robust and seamless integration between the Salesforce platform and other enterprise systems include ERPs, CRMs, and Marketing Automation Systems, among others. Other integration tools are the REST and SOAP APIs, Outbound messaging, Apex web services, and Remote Objects. REST and SOAP APIs provide a set of programming interfaces for integrating Salesforce with third-party systems over HTTP, enabling data transfer, querying, and modification of records. Outbound messaging sends notifications from Salesforce to external systems when a record is created, updated, or deleted. Apex web services enable developers to expose their custom code as web services that external systems can access. Remote Objects is a powerful tool that enables data retrieval and manipulation from an external system directly on the Salesforce platform.

Salesforce also provides a set of connectors that allow easy integration with popular enterprise software applications such as SAP, Oracle, Microsoft, and IBM. These connectors provide seamless data flow between Salesforce and external systems, enabling real-time data synchronization, bidirectional data exchange, and integration with other systems.

III. Benefits of Integration in Salesforce

These days, it's uncommon for a system to function in isolation. Many organizations all over the world utilize Salesforce to become more efficient, especially in the areas of worker mobility, general operations agility, and CRM. But all of the enormous amounts of data that Salesforce generates can't just sit there — they need to be repurposed and dispersed throughout a variety of enterprise systems and business channels.

These massive amounts of data are present in each of the many application modules an organization employs, including shipping, accounting, inventory, etc. Collaboration between these departments and other staff members must be established immediately. Salesforce allows exactly that: it integrates and continuously synchronizes the whole company infrastructure, which enhances workflow and departmental communication.

Integrating Salesforce with other systems, such as customer support, marketing, and accounting platforms, can significantly streamline business processes. It can enable automatic data transfer, eliminate duplicate data entry, reduce errors, and enhance communication channels. For instance, simplifying sales data can lead to faster and more accurate quote generation. Similarly, seamless integration can reduce the time to respond to customer queries and complaints, increasing customer satisfaction. Workflow automation and process optimization can improve employee productivity and promote more informed decision-making.

There are more merits to this as well:

  • improved data quality: organizations can access up-to-date information from a single source of truth. This source ensures everyone has access to the same information, reducing the risk of incorrect or outdated data. Salesforce integration can also identify and eliminate duplicate records, reducing the confusion caused by conflicting information. Organizations can automatically append new data to existing customer profiles, resulting in a more comprehensive view of each customer.
  • improved data visibility: integration helps to facilitate the flow of data between systems, improving the accuracy and consistency of data across the enterprise. This makes access to all the data in real-time fast and easy.
  • increased productivity: by reducing the need for manual data entry, businesses save time and increase productivity. With streamlined workflows, automated processes, and real-time access to data, employees can complete their tasks faster and more efficiently.
  • enhanced communication: businesses can foster better communication and collaboration across departments. By integrating different applications and systems, employees can easily share data and collaborate, leading to better decision-making and improved business outcomes.
  • improved customer service: with a 360-degree view of customer activity across all touchpoints, including social media, email, phone, and support channels, companies can personalize customer interactions, improve customer experience, and ultimately increase loyalty and revenue.
  • increased sales efficiency: by integrating sales applications like CRMs with Salesforce, businesses can effortlessly track leads, manage sales activities, and analyze sales data.
  • cost savings: automation helps reduce manual data entry and streamline workflows, which can lead to significant cost savings.
  • in-depth reporting: reporting capabilities provided by Salesforce integration offer several advantages.
  • Firstly, they enable businesses to gain valuable insights into customer behavior, which can inform decision-making and help companies tailor their products and services to meet their customers' needs.
  • Secondly, these reports can help identify customer data patterns and trends, highlighting areas where the business can improve, such as in customer service, product development, or marketing campaigns.
  • Third, Salesforce's reporting capabilities are customizable and can be tailored to meet specific business needs. This flexibility means that companies can generate reports that provide insights into different business areas, such as sales trends, marketing metrics, and customer support tickets. The reporting functionality can also be synced with other tools, such as Google Analytics and Marketing Cloud, allowing for real-time data syncing and better data analysis.

IV. Challenges of Data Integration in Salesforce

Salesforce integration comes along with numerous challenges that need to be addressed. The complexity of data structures is one of the major ones. Salesforce is a highly configurable and customizable platform that allows users to define their own data models based on their business requirements. However, this flexibility can often lead to complex and convoluted data structures that can be difficult to integrate with other systems. For instance, when integrating Salesforce with an external system, developers must map data fields, identify relationships, and ensure data consistency across systems. Failure to do so can lead to data quality issues, negatively impacting business operations.

Another challenge facing data integration in Salesforce is security and compliance issues. Salesforce contains sensitive data such as customer information, financial data, and business intelligence. Therefore, organizations must ensure that their data integration process adheres to the highest security and compliance standards. This includes enforcing strict access control measures, ensuring data encryption in transit and at rest, and complying with regulatory frameworks such as GDPR, HIPAA, and CCPA. Failure to comply with these regulations can lead to severe legal and financial consequences.

Data residing in one system must be brought into Salesforce and synchronized with the already present data. This can become a tedious and challenging task as companies must ensure that the data is in the correct format, standardized, and duplicates have been removed. Duplicate records can arise due to various reasons, such as manual entry, system glitches, and importing data from multiple sources. It is crucial for companies to have a system in place that can detect and merge these duplicate records to avoid data discrepancies and maintain data integrity.

Another challenge is creating an auto-ID number for new records entered into Salesforce. Companies need to ensure that the auto-ID is unique and does not overlap with existing IDs. Also, companies must ensure that data is validated at all stages of integration, from the initial data transfer to ongoing updates and synchronization. Furthermore, companies need to be aware of API limitations in terms of data transfer size, speed, and frequency to avoid any disruption in business processes and data loss.

Troubleshooting these issues can be challenging, and developers must have a deep understanding of the underlying technologies involved in the integration process. For instance, finding the root cause of a data inconsistency issue often requires an in-depth analysis of the data mapping, transformation, and validation rules. Therefore, organizations must invest in robust data monitoring and error-handling capabilities to minimize the impact of integration issues on business operations.

Use

V. Best Practices for Integration in Salesforce

When it comes to integration in Salesforce, there are certain best practices that organizations should follow for optimal results. These include the use of automation, utilization of external data sources, and leveraging customization.

  1. Make use of automation tools such as Process Builder, Workflow Rules, and Flows that can help automate processes and save time and effort.
  2. Utilize external data sources to increase the scope of the Salesforce application and get a more comprehensive view of data. This can help in making better decisions, forecasting, and analytics.
  3. Leverage customization options to suit different business needs. These include custom objects, fields, validation rules, lightning components, etc. You can optimize and tailor Salesforce's functionality to meet your organization's unique needs, maximizing productivity and effectiveness.
  4. Hire an experienced consultant to guide you through the integration process, provide valuable insights and best practices, and ensure a successful integration project.
  5. Take advantage of the hybrid integration approach, which combines on-premise and cloud-based solutions for a more integrated architecture. It balances scalability, customization, and control, making it ideal for businesses with complex integration requirements.
  6. Plan and define requirements - this includes determining the data to be integrated, establishing integration goals, and identifying the key stakeholders involved in the project.
  7. Employ data mapping and synchronization to ensure that data is accurately transferred between systems and data consistency is maintained across all applications.
  8. Choose a user-focused data model that aligns with the business process and user requirements. This approach ensures that the right data is captured and the UI is enhanced.
  9. Utilize external IDs to link records between applications, making it easy to synchronize data between systems.

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